Many people instantly associate skin ageing with wrinkles. Studies have even shown that an uneven, blotchy complexion can make a face look up to ten years older. Pigment spots or so-called hyperpigmentation are among the most frequently occurring skin changes. They are caused by a disturbed formation of colour pigments (melanin). In most cases, these colour changes appear as brownish spots on the face, the neck and the cleavage or on the hands. Formerly a sign of light ageing and therefore more common in older skin, more and more younger patients are now also suffering from uneven pigmented skin areas due to hormones (e. g. from taking the Pill). We use the ruby laser to remove these at the HAUT- UND LASERZENTRUM AN DER OPER.
During laser treatment with a ruby laser, the superficial pigments in the skin are targeted. The laser beam only acts in the pigment and “shatters” it into the tiniest particles. These shattered colour pigments are then transported through the lymphatic system, so the pigment spots fade or in most cases disappear completely after just one treatment.
Laser treatment is suitable for anyone who wishes to have dark pigmentation removed for aesthetic reasons.
First, a detailed case history is taken, and an examination is carried out to determine the correct laser setting based on the skin type and nature of the pigment spots. Only then is the laser guided over the relevant area, emitting short light pulses. Protective goggles must be worn to protect the eyes. As the treatment is not associated with any pain, no local anaesthetic is required.
A session only takes a few minutes. The treatment should mainly be carried out in the winter months to protect against new pigmentation due to too much sun.
Treatment with the ruby laser does not require a recovery period.
As the ruby laser is an ablating laser, it leaves a scab that remains for seven to 14 days. Since the skin is much more sensitive to light after laser treatment, direct sunlight should be avoided for three to four weeks. It is also essential to apply a high level of sun protection.
Usually a single session already leads to the desired success. The treatment is gentle on the skin and does not leave any scars.
Since laser treatment is an extremely safe procedure, the risks are manageable. Some medications that are taken regularly can make the skin more sensitive to laser energy and must be discontinued before the procedure. If the skin is exposed to unprotected sunlight after the treatment, new hyperpigmentation may occur. It is therefore essential to consistently apply sun protection.
Treatment on tanned skin is possible in principle, but special caution is required. As the pigment-forming cells can be stimulated again in dark skin types, hyperpigmentation may be increased. It is therefore advisable to always have a trial treatment carried out on an inconspicuous area beforehand.
Daily sun protection with sun protection factor 50 is essential. Dark spots pigment faster than the surrounding skin under UV radiation. This increases the contrast of the pigment spots.
This depends on the respective skin type and the individual circumstances. In principle though, optimal results can already be achieved with a single treatment.
Pigment spots on the face and body should always be treated in the same way. However, the spots primarily occur on skin areas exposed to light. The face and backs of the hands are therefore most frequently affected. Freckles or sunspots on the shoulders (so-called freckling, especially with surfers) can also be successfully treated with the ruby laser.
As a rule, one single treatment with the ruby laser is sufficient to achieve a satisfactory result. In individual cases though, a follow-up treatment can be carried out to enhance the brightening effect.
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Ihr Team des Haut- und Laserzentrums an der Oper